Chapter 3 Combining Forms and Suffixes

Question Answer
Abdomin/o abdomen
Acr/o extremities, top, extreme point
Acu/o sharp, severe, sudden
aden/o gland
adip/o fat
amni/o amnion (sac surrounding the embryo in the uterus
angi/o vessel
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
axill/o armpit
bi/o life
blephar/o eyelid
bronch/o bronchial tubes (two tubes, one right and one left, that branch from the trachea to enter the lungs)
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
chem/o drug , chemical
chondr/o cartilidge
chron/o time
col/o colon (large intestine)
cyst/o urinary bladder
encephl/o brain
erythr/o red
hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
hydr/o water, fluid
ingui/o groin
isch/o to hold back
lapar/o abdomen, abdominal wall
laryng/o larynx
leuk/o white
lymph/o lymph; a clear fluid that bathes tissue spaces, is contained in special lymph vessels and nodes throughout the body
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
morph/o shape, form
muc/o mucus
my/o muscle
myel/o spinal cord, bone marrow
necr/o death (of cells or whole body)
neur/o nerve
neutr/o neutrophil ( a white blood cell)
nucle/o nucleus
ophthalm/o eye
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
path/o disease
peritone/o peritoneum
phag/o to eat, swallow
phleb/o vein
plas/o formation, development
pleur/o pleura (membrane surrounding lungs and adjacent to chest wall)
pneumon/o lungs
pulmon/o lungs
radi/o x-rays
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
sarc/o flesh
splen/o spleen
staphyl/o clusters
strept/o twisted chains
thorac/o chest
thromb/o clot
tonsill/o tonsils
trache/o trachea (windpipe)
ven/o vein
-algia pain
-cele hernia
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluids
-coccus berry shaped baterium
-cyte cell
-dynia pain
-ectomy excision, removal, resection
-emia blood condition
-genesis condition of producing, forming
-gram record
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
-itis inflammation
-logy study of
-lysis breakdown, destruction, separation
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
-oma tumor, mass, collection of fluid
-opsy to view
-osis condition, usually abnormal
-pathy disease condition
-penia deficiency
-phobia fear
-plasia developement, formation, growth
-plasty surgical repair
-ptosis drooping, sagging, prolapse
-sclerosis hardening
-scope instrument for visual examination
-scopy process of visual examination (with an endoscope)
-stasis stopping, controlling
-stomy opening to form a mouth (stoma)
-therapy treatment
-tomy incision, cutting, into
-trophy development, nourishment
-er one who
-ia condition
-ist specialist
-ole little, small
-ule little, small
-um, -ium structure, tissue
-us structure, substance
-y condition, process
-ac, -iac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-genic pertaining to producing, producing, produced by, or in
-ic, -ical pertaining to
-oid resembling
-ose pertaining to, full of
-ous pertaining to
-tic pertaining to

schrift week 1.2 General Vocabulary

Question Answer
Determine to decide
Tadpole the stage in a frog’s lifecycle from when it hatches from the egg in the water until it has grown leg and can breath on land
Device an invention, tool or machine used for a certain purpose
Tree bark the darker outside covering of the tree.
View to see or to watch
Rise to go up
Odor a smell
Wrap to fold or coil (something) around something as cover or protection
apron worn over clothing to protect the front of the body and cloths when experimenting.

Schrift week 1.2 Tools and Measuring

Question Answer
kilometer large unit of measure, used to measure long distances such a when driving
Compass a tool that uses a magnetized pointer to show magnetic north, used to find direction
Celsius a measure of temperature used by scientists and in most places throughout the world
Fahrenheit a measure of temperature used in the United States
Millimeter a small metric unit used to measure length, width or height; one unit is about the width of a pencil lead or thickness of a dime; measured using a ruler
Centimeter a small metric unit used measure length, width or height; one unit is about the width of your fingernail; measured using a ruler
Meter a metric unit used to measure length, width or height of larger objects such as a desk or TV; measured using a meter stick
Mass The amount of matter in an object; measured using a balance
Volume The amount of space that an object takes up; graduated cylinders are used to measure liquid in units of milliliters, liters and kiloliters; measure solids using a ruler
Capacity The maximum amount that can be held or taken in.
Length how long something is
height how tall something is
width how wide something is
Measurement A particular system that is used to determine the time, area, volume, length, mass or weight of something
Weight A measure of the pull of gravity on an object; measured by a spring scale
Data information collected in an investigation
temperature the measure of how hot or cold something is; measured using a thermometer
observe to use your 5 senses to look at something very closely

Measurement, Lab Safety, and Process Skills

Question Answer
Mass the amount of matter or "stuff" in an object
Length how long or tall an object is.
Volume the amount of space an object takes up
Grams base unit used for measuring mass
Meters base unit used for measuring length
Liters base unit used for measuring volume
Precaution taking steps to prevent an accident. Pre=before.
Hazard a possible danger or risk of something bad taking place.
Independent Variable the variable changed by the scientist or that is manipulated in an experiment.
Dependent Variable the ending,measurable result of the experiment that occrs because of the independent variable.
Control variable that does not change in an experiment and is used for comparison purposes.

Terminology

Question Answer
bol/o to cast (throw)
cervic/o neck (of the body or of the uterus)
chrondr/o cartilage (type of connective tissue)
chrom/o color
coccyg/o coccyx (tailbone)
crani/o skull
cyt/o cell
dist/o far, distant
dors/o back portion of the body
hist/o tissue
ili/o ilium (part of the pelvic bone)
inguin/o groin
kary/o nucleus
later/o side
lumb/o lower back (side and back between the ribs and the pelvis)
medi/o middle
nucle/o nucleus
pelv/i pelvis
poster/o back/behind
proxim/o nearest
sacr/o sacrum
sarc/o flesh
spin/o spine, backbone
thel/o nipple
thorac/o chest
trache/o trachea, windpipe
umbilic/o navel, umbilicus
ventr/o belly side of the body
vertebr/o vertebra(e), backbone(s)
viscer/o internal organs
ana- up
cata- down
epi- above
hypo- below
inter- between
meta- change
-eal pertaining to
-iac pertaining to
-ior pertaining to
-ism process, condition

group 3

Question Answer
Monos-define one, single
morphe-define form, shape
monos-example monocotyledon
morphe-example morphology
neuron-define nerve
neuron-exapmle neurology
oo-define beginning
oo-example oocyte
ovum, ovi -define egg
ovum, ovi -example ovary
para-define beside, near
para-example parasite
pedi-define child
pedi-example pediatrics
pes, pedis, pod -define foot
pes, pedis, pod -example bipedal
photo, phos, phot -define light
photo, phos, phot -example photosynthesis
post-define after, behind
post-example posterior
semi-define half
semi-example semicircle
skleros-define hard
skleros-example scierenchyma
soma-define body
soma-example somatic
sub, sup -define below, under
sub, sup -example subspecies
super-define above, upper
super-example superior
supra-define above, upon
supra-example suprarenal
tetra-define four
tetra-example tetrapod
tox, toxikon -define poison
tox, toxikon- example toxic
tri-define three
tri-example tripod
trophe-define to feed or eat
trophe-example heterotrophic
uni, unis -define one
uni, unis -example unicellular
xeros-define dry
xeros-example xerophyte
zo, zoon -define animal
zo, zoon -example zoology

Legal Terms

Question Answer
civil law legal relationships between people-protects rights ~most medical cases deal with civil law
criminal laws dealing with wrongs against society, person property
torts occur when a pt is harmed/injured because a hcw doesn't meet/provide the expected standard of care
tort definition wrongful act not involoving a contract- can be open to different legal interpretations.
malpractice "bad practice" the failure to use the degree of skill (professional) expected, resulting in injury
negligence failure to five care that is normally exected, resulting in injury
assault a threat or attempt to injure
battery unlawful touching or another person without consent
invasion of privacy unnecessaryl exposure or revealing information without patient consent
defamation of character false statements about a person that may damage their reputaion, may occur in error
slander spoken info that taunts or puts down another
libel written info that taunts or puts down another
false inprisonment restraining an individual or restricting their freedom
abuse (physical,mental,sexual) care that results in physical harm, pain or mental anguish
contracts agreement between two or more parties
leagal disability unable to enter a contrat legally
informed consent permission given by a person of sound mind after all risks have been explained
privileged communicatins- comprise of all info given to hcw by a patient

Unit 1 vocab

Question Answer
A living thing organisms
the basic unit of structure and function in living things cell
a type of organism that is made up of a single cell unicellular
a type of oraganism that is made up of many cells multicellular
the process of cahnge that occurs during an oraganisms life to produce a more complex organism development
a change in an organism's surroundings that causes the organism to react stimulus
in action of change in behavior that occurs as a result of a stimulus response
the production of offspring that are similar to the parents reproduce
the mistaken idea that living things arise from nonliving sources spontaneous generation
an experiment in which all of the variables except for one remian the same controlled environment
the one factor that a scientist changes to test a hypothisis during an experiment; also called the indenpendent variable manipulated variable
an organism that makes its own food autotrophs
an organism that cannot make his own food heterotrophs
the process by which an organisms internal environment is kept stable in spite of changes in the external environment homeostasis
an instrument that makes small objects look larger microscope
a light microscope that has more than one lense compund microscope
a widley accepted explanation of the relationship between cells and living things cell theory
the ability to make things look larger than they are magnification
the ability to clearly distinguish the individual parts of an object resolution
a rigid layer of non living material that surrounds the cells of plants and some other organisms cell wall
the outside boundary of a cell; controls which substance can enter or leave the cell cell membrane
the control center of a cell that directs the cells activities; contains the chemical instructions that direct all the cells activities an determine the cells charactercitis nucelus
material in cell that contains DNA and caries gentic information chromatin
the region of a cell located inside the cell membrane or between the cell membrane or between the cell membrane and nucelus; contains a gel-like material and cell organalles cytoplasm
rod-shaped cell structure that produce most of the energy headed to carry out the cells functions mitochondria
a cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which proteins and other materials are carried from one part of the cell to another endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
a tiny structure in the cytoplasm of the cell were proteins are made ribosomes
a structure in a cell that receives proteins and other newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), packages them, and distributes them to other parts of the cell golgi bodies
a structure in the cells of plants a some other organisms that capture energy from sunlight and uses it to produce food chloroplasts
a water-filled sac inside a cell that acts like a storage area vacuole
a small round cell structure that contains chemiclas that breakdown large food particals into smaller ones lysosomes
an organism whose cells lack a nucleus an some other cell structures prokaryotes
an organism wiht cells that contain nuclei and other cell structure eukaryotes
the preserve remains or traces of an organism that lived in the past fossil

Questions about the Sociological Paradigms

Question Answer
____ emphasizes that people act on the basis of their interpretation of the language and symbols in a situation. Symbolic Interaction
____ views society as a homeostatic unit that exist in near equilibrium. Functionalism
People who assume that society is an arena of constant competition and change are using the _______ paradigm. conflict theory
Which paradigm raises questions about the self? Symbolic interaction
The "looking-glass self" is a theory from the ____ paradigm. symboic interaction
The ____ paradigm involves the study of individuals in society and their definitions of situations. symbolic interaction
The social construction of reality is a focus of the ____ paradigm. symbolic interaction
The ____ paradigm draws focus on the meaning people attach to their action. symbolic interaction
The ____ paradigm is most likely to focus on patterns of social inequality conflict theory
The focus of ______ is on the consequences of social patterns for the operation of society. functionalism
The ____ paradigm is most likely to support the status quo. functionalism
Karl Marx is associated with ____. conflict theory
Which theory could be used to explain how prostitution perpetuates inequity between powerful groups and subordinate groups? conflict theory
Which theory would be best to explain how prostitutes define their roles? symbolic interaction
The ____ paradigm is most likely to note that prostitution creates jobs. functionalism
The term equilibrium is associated with which paradigm? Functionalism
If things are perceived as real, they are real in their consequences. Thomas Theorem
Looking glass self Charles Horton Cooley
Social Darwinism Spencer
Karl Marx Conflict theory
We think of ourselves as we imagine how others view us. Looking Glass Self
consensus Functionalism
Homeostatic system Functionalism
Various groups or categories of people compete for limited resources. Conflict theory
Focuses upon explaining the mechanisms for social change. Conflict theory
inequalities Conflict theory
structure and function Functionalism
Subjective meaning must be examined to understand behavior. Symbolic interaction