An ____ is a play, set to music, sung to orchestral accompaniment, with scenery, costumes, and action.
The text, or book is called the _____.
Operas are usually written by the ______
A song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment is called an ____.
_____ refers to a vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech.
When three or more singers are involved the composition is called an ____
A ____ is a musical number for two solo voices with orchestral accompaniment.
An ______ is an orchestral composition performed before the curtain rises on a dramatic work
Members of the Camerata wanted to create a new vocal style based on the ______
music of the ancient Greek tragedies
The first opera house in Europe to offer entry to anyone with the price of admission opened in the year ____ in ____
The earliest opera that has been preserved in fragments is _______
Monteverdi spent the greater part of his career in ________
St. Mark’s in Venice
True or False: All twelve of Monteverdi’s operas are regularly performed in Europe and America.
False, most have been lost
True or false: The story you learned was that, Orpheus, son of Apollo, is married to Eurydice. But she is killed by a poisonous snake. He goes to hades to bring her back to life, and is allowed to do this because of his beautiful music. He is told to not look back at her as he is bringing her out of hades, but he does and she vanishes. Apollo feels sorry for Orpheus and brings him to heaven for forever.
The texture of “Tu se morta” is _____
The ____ genre has three melodic lines: two high lines and a basso continuo
trio sonata involves ____ instruments
A baroque musical composition usually expresses _____ within the same movement.
one basic mood
In the baroque era, dynamics consisted mainly of sudden alterations between loud and soft called _______.
The main keyboard instruments of the baroque period were the ____ and the ________.
The word _______ in music normally refers to a piece that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a larger composition.
The large group of players in a Concerto Grosso is known as the ____ with the _______ parts.
The concerto grosso most often has ______(number) movements whose tempo markings are: fast, slow, fast.
A _______ is polyphonic composition based on one main theme.
The main theme of a fugue is called the ______.
Baroque Sonatas (trio sonatas—4 movements-fast-fast-slow-fast) usually involve four performers (basso continuo/melodic bass line is _______).
A sonata intended to be played in church, and therefore dignified and suitable for sacred performance, was called a ________.
sonata da chiesa
A sonata to be played at court, and therefore dancelike in character, was called a _______
sonata da camera
______ spent most of his life working at an institution for orphaned and illegitimate girls in Venice.
His Spring of Four Seasons is an example of a new genre: (_____) Solo ___________
violin, concerto with orchestra